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A
Classification of a group of items into their ABC class.
An inventory classification and ranking system based on the annual dollar usage of the inventory. Three classes are used: A, B, and C. Class A items have the highest annual usage and receive the most attention. Class B items have lower annual usage and are controlled using reorder point. Class C items have the lowest annual usage. Inventory value is determined by annual usage, unit cost, lead time, space available for storage, and quality.
An unusual product demand outside normal parameters that can be due to a sales promotion or a natural disaster.
An identification number that uniquely identifies the shipper record. Container records can be assigned to shipper records in warehouse functions.
A count of the exact content of the items in a specific warehouse location.
A class with no instances. Abstract classes organize a class hierarchy or define methods and variables for subclasses. Also called virtual class.
Depreciation methods that provide greater depreciation expense in the earlier years of an asset’s economic life. Examples include declining-balance and sum-of-the-years’-digits methods.
Keystroke equivalents to mouse actions; sometimes called keyboard shortcuts. For example, you can delete a record in the QAD .NET UI by choosing Delete from the Actions menu or by pressing Ctrl+Shift+D.
An additional, non-required component of a configured end product. For example, a CD player is an accessory for a car. Options and accessories can be organized in feature groups. See also Feature Group and Option.
One component of an account number defined in GL setup functions. Other components of an account number are sub-account, cost center, and project. Accounts track company-wide assets, liabilities, equities, expenses, and revenues.
Methods of tracking overdue accounts in accounts receivable, based on the dates the charges were incurred.
The currency used by a GL account.
A standard organization account reflects data from one ERP source. A consolidated organization account displays data from the standard organization accounts that are linked to it. Using consolidated accounts, customers can consolidate the data from multiple ERP systems into one view and suppliers can consolidate the data for multiple customers into one view.
A warehouse process that lets you specify GL accounts at a warehouse level, letting you set up different accounts for all inventories stored in a specific warehouse.
Layers that provide different ways of segregating transactions within a single GL account.
Economic cycle for which financial records are maintained; for example, a calendar year or a fiscal year.
Liabilities resulting from purchasing transactions.
The difference between invoice price and purchase order cost. Calculated when the supplier invoice is matched with receivers in accounts payable.
Financial claims resulting from sales transactions.
Accounting method whereby revenue and expenses are recorded in the period in which they are incurred, even though they cannot have been paid or received.
In accrual-basis accounting, revenue that is recorded in the period in which it is earned, regardless of whether cash is received in that period. Accrued revenue is a billing option for service contracts that are billed at the end of the service duration.
A GL account used to track the amount of depreciation that has accumulated and been posted since the start of the depreciation calculation.
A method of authorizing production for kanban items based on either the total quantity represented by the associated cards or specified time parameters.
The amount required to purchase a fixed asset.
The top border of each view and screen, with setting boxes and icons for functions such as printing from views.
An icon that performs an action when clicked, such as displaying a detailed description, image, or PDF corresponding to an item. For example, a camera icon suggests that a picture is available for an item.
A system message created during MRP calculations for a current or potential issue. The message also gives information about corrective actions.
A pop-up menu that appears upon a right-click. The choices on the menu vary depending on where you click; only actions valid in the current context appear.
The supplier schedule currently in force. Only one schedule per order line item can be active at a time.
A credit card fraud prevention tool designed for telephone or electronic ordering scenarios, where the customer is not present to show identification. Codes are assigned based on the degree of match between the ship-to address for the order and on-file address information associated with the credit card used.
A modification of the R-Squared method that adjusts for the number of explanatory terms in a model.
Special accounting entries that must be made when you close the books at the end of a GL period. Adjusting entries are necessary to update your accounts for items that are not recorded in daily transactions.
Users who have access to the administration functions. The customer master admin user is defined during the subscription process. The customer master admin user defines the supplier master admin user. Customer and supplier admin users define non-admin users for their respective companies.
A type of planning and scheduling system that takes account of:
Static item and resource data such as shop calendars, product structures, and routings
Sources of supply and demand
Multiple material and capacity constraints
A set of predefined business objectives
The APS system determines the production schedule that best meets both the established resource constraints and the business objectives of the enterprise. See also Finite Capacity Scheduling (FCS) and Optimized Schedule.
An electronic document derived from a shipper document and sent by a supplier to a customer when a shipment leaves the supplier site. ASN informs the customer that the shipment is on the way. ASN formats are defined for various international standards; for example, an 856 Transaction Set per ANSI ASC X12. An ASN takes the place of an invoice in some supplier-customer arrangements. See also Electronic Data Interchange (EDI).
Date that is calculated for the materials based on the ship date plus transportation days plus the maximum aging days. The aging date in customer consignment is an estimated date. You know what date you shipped the goods, but you are not sure on which day the customer has received the goods. You estimate that date based on the transportation days; the estimation allows you to have an idea of how long the materials will be at your customer’sfacility. Additionally, you can use aging date as a tool for managing inventory.
A trade discount that consists of one or more promotions or rebates linked together into a single structure. Its primary purposes are to support contracts such as those with medical buying groups and to run projects such as new product launches.
A statistic that aids in the Box-Jenkins specification stage of model building. A model that minimizes the AIC is considered to be the most appropriate model.
A software agent that analyzes business events to determine whether critical business situations have occurred. When such a situation occurs, the alert system notifies the user.
An application that is configured to work with alerts.
A message sent by the alert system—such as e-mail, fax, phone—to users when an alert detects a critical business situation.
An application subscriber who holds an alert service account. Only subscribers can define alerts.
A step-by-step problem-solving procedure.
The act of reserving inventory for a specific purpose. Does not name specific inventory, and no physical movement of inventory takes place.
A smoothing factor used in forecast methods 03 and 04. Alpha closer to zero applies increasingly equal weight to all sales history. Alpha closer to one increasingly favors recent sales history.
A routing used instead of the primary routing. Results in an identical item.
In QAD Warehousing, a definition of palleted goods with different types and sizes of boxes or pallets, typically within the same location.
The drug approval application that the FDA requires to approve a generic pharmaceutical product.
An organization that establishes standards of financial accounting and reporting for the private sector.
An organization responsible for approving National Standards and the parent organization of ASC X12. This group is the recognized coordinator and clearinghouse for information in the US. It also serves as the North American representative to the International Organization of Standardization (ISO).
Standard method for representing characters on computers.
The process of decreasing, or accounting for, an amount over a period. Items that are eligible for amortization include trademarks, certain start-up expenses, software, and other intangible assets.
A code used to group customers or items for pricing.
A tool within QAD Configurator that checks rules for loops and also checks the sequences of questions based on the dependencies between product features. After making these checks, the Analyzer proposes a sequence for the questions in the questionnaire.
A membership-based, not-for-profit corporation that exists to provide organizational, legal, and financial support for the Apache open-source software projects.
A small application program that can be sent along with a Web page to a user. Applets written in Java are served from a Web site but executed on the client computer.
A program addressing a specific business function.
A set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications. An API makes it easier to develop a program by providing all the building blocks. APIs also connect applications to share data.
The middle tier in a three-tiered application architecture. In this differentiated architecture, the client tier handles the presentation layer or user interface (UI), the middle tier handles the application, and the third tier is the data source.
A company that offers individuals or enterprises access over the Internet to applications and related services that would otherwise have to be on their own personal or enterprise computers.
User who subscribes to at least one of the hosted applications.
Payments made toward specific invoices, memos, or finance charges.
The method by which the total invoice amount from a third-party logistics supplier is allocated to individual line items on a purchase order.
Conditions under which a staff member can approve a claim or confirm a promotion.
The ability to archive and retrieve data to comply with statutory requirements for data retention, often 7 - 10 years, is critical in the medical industry.
The third structure in the TrM business structures hierarchy, following divisions and regions. Areas often reflect company geographical or logical sales structures and are associated with, or are covered areas for, one or more regions. An area must be specified on all budgets, promotions, and rebates. For TrM to budget a promotion, there must be a promotion budget with the same region-area combination as the promotion. An area generally should be specified for each staff member and customer. Security can be based on staff region and area assignments. For staff to add a promotion, the promotion area and the staff area must belong to a common region.
A field or variable with multiple elements, each element having the same data type.
Detailed information about the actual components making up a manufactured or configured item. Derived by examining the transaction history created by the work order on which the item is built. Can be used to update the installed base for service/support.
A US committee that develops and maintains generic standards for electronic data interchange.
A test of the physical and chemical properties of a sample.
Percent that is calculated or grades that are created by sublabeling items to identify their particular makeup and to separate one lot from other production lots of the same item. The items can include raw materials, intermediates, or finished goods. Assay Percent and Grades can determine the price charged for the finished product.
A production approach where an end item is assembled after receipt of a customer order. Compare with Kit.
A group of components that, when put together, make up an end item or a higher-level configuration.
A list of items and subassemblies used in manufacturing an assembly.
The order scheduler process generates an assembly order for each assembly unit that is in a work order generated by the order processor.
Customer-independent and manufacturing-oriented definitions of the items that a plant can manufacture. AUs are organized in a tree structure:
The top-level unit is the root AU; it represents the product family.
Below the root unit are the shippable AUs. The order processor generates a product family order for each root AU and a work order for each shippable AU. Shippable AUs are shown in blue in the AU tree.
Nested in the shippable AUs are other AUs and assemblies.
There is a one-to-one relationship between assembly units and work cells on the shop floor. The order scheduler generates an assembly order for each AU.
A hierarchical structure that reflects how the finished product units are built. The members of the tree are the AUs and the work cells linked to them. The AU tree maps the shop floor.
A GL account used to track the acquisition cost of a fixed asset.
A GL account used to track the remaining value of a fixed asset when it is disposed of.
(1) A property, such as a variable, encapsulated in a component. Properties define a component’s appearance and state. (2) A product or template characteristic of interest that can be defined and maintained. Attributes can be either:
Global: pertaining to all products and templates, regardless of what they are
Template: pertaining only to a specific set of products
Product: pertaining only to a specific product
Product and Template: applicable to both products and templates
A record associated with a specific database table that controls the table auditing. It includes a detailed list of fields and field types in the table, a logical field determining whether auditing is enabled, and a list of delete event keys associated with the table.
The tracking of who changed enterprise-critical data, what the changes were and when the changes were made.
Number of days an authorization number must remain unique, when authorization numbers are included in schedule requirement detail.
In QAD CSS, the process of communicating with a credit card processing partner to obtain permission from the issuer of a credit card to charge a given amount to that specific card. The authorization is tied to an individual QAD CSS order and the resulting QAD ERP sales order.
A shipping term consisting of reason code, responsibility code, and authorization code. The reason code usually indicates who is responsible—customer or supplier—for excess freight on a shipment.
The dependence between two variables of the same time series at different time periods. Auto-correlation helps determine if two variables are causally connected, even though a time lag exists between occurrences. For example, auto-correlation can be useful in sales for determining if a special promotional event occurring at regular intervals is a causal factor in increased sales after the events happen.
Auto-correlation can tell you if Y is dependent on X, even if X happens before Y. Auto-correlation can be used to determine seasonality. It can also help describe if a series is stationary (that is, a series that has properties independent of the time period in which they occurred).
A type of queue with which there is no need for operator intervention. Compare with Manual Queue.
An inventory status that indicates to the system that items can be used to fill demand.
Number of weekly shift hours available for production. The system calculates shift hours based on holidays and the shift calendar or shop calendar.
On-hand inventory balance minus allocations, backorders, and quantities held for quality issues. Often called beginning available balance.
A calculation method in the Sales Order Control program that takes account of:
The quantity on hand less what has already been promised to other orders
Sales orders due to ship soon
Manufacturing orders which have been released to the shop floor
Future requirements or sources of supply are not considered by the calculation.
The uncommitted portion of inventory or planned production, maintained in the master schedule to support customer order promising. ATP quantity is the uncommitted inventory balance in the first period and is normally calculated for each period in which a Master Production Schedule (MPS) receipt is scheduled. In the first period, ATP equals on-hand inventory less customer orders due and overdue. In any period containing MPS scheduled receipts, ATP equals MPS minus customer orders for the period and all subsequent periods before the next MPS scheduled receipt. A negative ATP reduces prior-period ATP.
Work on hand and ready to be performed. Differs from scheduled work that is not yet physically on hand.
A costing method that keeps a running average of an item’s costs. A simple weighted average is used to track material and labor costs, while overhead is tracked as a standard cost. Each time a receipt is processed, the average cost of the item is recalculated, and inventory is revalued. Also known as normal costing.
The total cost to produce a quantity of goods divided by the total number of units.
The way in which the average demand for an item over a specified period is calculated. The source of demand information, as well as the length of the period used in the calculation, can vary between methods.
The factor specifying an item’s desired global inventory coverage level. Affects either family plans or operations plans, depending on when you calculate target inventory levels. Used by plan calculations to determine target inventory levels based on sales forecasts.
The time unit used in calculating averages. A larger averaging interval causes the average to be less affected by large variations.



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