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The automatic recording of component/raw material issues based on (a) the quantity of end items received and (b) the quantity per of the component from the end items bill of material. Can be used for both work order and repetitive production.
(1) All customer orders received but not shipped. Also known as open orders. (2) The difference between work input and output at a work center. Also known as queue.
Plan that includes projected number of open orders for a given product line at a given site in any month. Also records the actual number for comparison.
An unfilled portion of an order or commitment. Represents an immediate (or past due) demand against an item where inventory is insufficient to satisfy demand.
Back-Office Organizations support and/or work with the front office for sales organizations and companies. These include marketing and engineering organizations managing products that can be sold and a pricing organization that manages pricing. They also cover a credit organization that manages customer credit, an inventory organization, and a shipping or order fulfillment organization.
A scheduling technique that begins with the due date for an order and works backward to determine the required start date and/or due dates for an operation.
(1) Equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account. (2) The difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account.
An itemized statement that lists the total assets and the total liabilities of an entity to portray its net worth, or shareholder's equity, at a given moment of time. The amounts shown on a balance sheet are generally the historic cost of items and not their current values.
In JIT/S, a special type of count that measures quantities between two monitored events in the Factory Dashboard. These two events typically represent two broadcast points on the production line.
Statement reporting all transactions in the accounts held by the account holder.
A series of alternating bars and spaces printed or stamped on parts, containers, labels, or other media representing encoded information that can be read electronically.
Identifying inventory items and Kanban cards with bar code labels speeds the collection of data and reduces data entry errors. Data can be scanned and downloaded quickly and easily without any manual intervention.
The currency in which all entities within a domain conduct business. Exchange rates must exist between the base currency and any foreign currencies specified on transactions. The base currency for a domain is specified in Domain Create and is used for recording all financial transactions within that domain.
An account denominated in the functional base currency of the domain.
The base data set—items, sites, suppliers, and associated data—is imported to the SCP database from the ERP database; it is the basis for the working data set. Users update this data set with manual or auto data load.
A constant multiplier applied to monthly forecast quantities.
The portion of an item or trailer charge amount that is taxable.
A process resulting in the production of co-products and by-products. Has an item master number and a BOM or formula code specifying the co-products and by-products. Components can be linked to it, but such links are not required.
The item price or cost.
Value used for calculating depreciation as the depreciation base. The depreciable basis is the fixed-asset acquisition cost minus any salvage value.
(1) A standard run or lot size, determined by container size, convention, line rates, and/or standard run length. (2) In Fixed Assets, a group of similar fixed assets added to the system. Fixed-asset batches have no relation or similarity to batches used in other financial modules. (3) A group of transactions processed together.
(1) In manufacturing, a number used for tracing groups of work orders through a batch-oriented process. (2) An ID for tracking a group of transactions processed together. (3) In Consignment Inventory, an ID recording every time that the customers say that they have used something.
A picking methodology and functionality in QAD Warehousing. It reorders the order-picking sequence and tasks so that warehouse staff can pick multiple items from multiple orders at various locations throughout the warehouse with a shortened travel sequence.
A computer technique where transactions are accumulated and processed together.
A batch record is typically a packet of information containing the master formula and processing steps that accompany a batch of product through the manufacturing process. These records are typically retained for seven years and typically reviewed in audits by the FDA.
A streamlined work order that does not yet have a bill or routing. Operations Plan Explosion generates work orders to satisfy end-item plan demands. For items defined as co-products, the explosion creates batch work orders (Status B) for the base process. When you change the work order status from B to F, the system generates firm planned work orders for the co-products and by-products associated with the base process. See also Firm Planned Work Order.
An estimation criterion used in the Box-Jenkins specification stage of model building. A model that minimizes the BIC is considered to be the most appropriate model. When several models are likely to be appropriate, choose the one with the smallest BIC. The AIC and BIC differ in their second terms, which are penalty functions for extra parameters. Often AIC and BIC lead to the same model choice.
The mechanism used for storing changes made to data in the database. It is primarily used to restore the internal integrity of the database when processing errors occur.
Available inventory.
A public institution responsible for collecting and processing information relating to the balance of payments of the Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union. BLWI codes apply to certain transactions between Belgian and Luxebourgian companies.
A method to calculate forecast using the other system-defined methods; chooses results with the least mean absolute deviation.
A function that enables you to create price lists that accommodate a wide range of pricing situations.
Charges incurred that are to be invoiced.
The act of billing a customer for a service after it is performed.
A list of key resources required to manufacture one unit of a specified product. Shows the timing and duration of each resource relative to the due date of the product. Used with a master production schedule to determine the total load on each resource by time period. Also known as bill of resources or product load profile.
Detailed breakdown of a shipment; for example, products shipped, total weight of product, and containers used for packing.
A listing of all subassemblies, components, and raw materials of a parent assembly. Shows the quantity of each required to make one parent assembly. Also called a product structure or formula. Used with a master production schedule to determine items for which purchase requisitions and production orders must be released.
A list of key resources required to manufacture one unit of a specified product. Shows the timing and duration of each resource relative to the due date of the product. Used with a master production schedule to determine the total load on each resource by time period. Also known as bill of labor or product load profile.
Bill-To Customer. A customer type that allows a customer, on behalf of a Sold-To Customer, to receive invoices for goods shipped or services rendered and to be responsible for payment. Bill-To Customers can also choose to have others make the payments on their behalf.
A lightweight workflow process engine for intranets, extranets, and the Internet in Business Process Management (BPM).
Synonymous with Business Process. A BizLogic application is identified with an application name. The name does not identify a specific version of the process, but rather the process in general. The application name is also the base name for any process checked into the repository as a model.
An event-driven rule engine to formulate and enforce policies in business applications in Business Process Management (BPM).
A long-term commitment to a supplier for products, against which short-term releases are generated to satisfy requirements. When needed, a release is made against the blanket order, resulting in a purchase order.
The process of physically mixing two or more lots of material to produce a homogeneous lot.
A type of audit in which the value of the recounted stock displays on the RF and warehouse staff validate the value. In other audits, staff enter a value for the recounted stock.
A status indicating that no more items can be stored in an area or shelf.
A product structure coding and structuring technique used primarily for phantom (non-stocked) subassemblies. Permits MRP logic to bypass a phantom item to determine requirements for the phantom item’s components. Usually retains the ability to net against occasional inventories of the phantom item. See also Phantom.
A code uniquely identifying a product structure or formula.
Demand for components of a parent item calculated by multiplying parent item requirements by component usage quantity specified in a bill of material.
A code specifying the type of BOM and routing to be used on a preventive maintenance schedule associated with a contract.
A promotion deal category. Refers to stock given away at no charge. The category also covers free goods. The stock can be delivered with the original order or later after proof of sales.
An accounting definition of inventory units and/or value obtained from perpetual inventory records rather than by actual count.
A saved link to a Web page that has been added to a list. For example, bookmarks are found on the Favorites menu in Internet Explorer.
The service date used for calculating depreciation.
Any facility, department, or work center delaying production. Usually a work center where work orders arrive faster than they leave.
A method of picking in which warehouse staff pick items to full boxes from the reserve area or to full or open boxes from the picking area.
In Business Process Management (BPM), administrators modify configuration parameters, manage user or group access control, and do other administrative tasks using a site called BPM Portal.
An application development tool in Business Process Management (BPM). BPM Studio provides an Eclipse-based integrated development environment, in which developers can create and deploy BPM projects.
A promotion deal category. Discount pricing is based on the quantity of product ordered, and an additional discount is given when the customer picks up the actual goods rather than having them delivered.
A specific product within a category with an identifying mark or name. The brand name is the distinctive name of a product, the word part of a trademark, or the name of the manufacturer.
Electronic message used to communicate order information from a customer.
Broker. An independent agent or representative of various noncompetitive products in a retail market who represents a manufacturer and presents products, sales, and special deals to a retailer or wholesaler.
An inquiry program that displays records in a tabular format. Browse types include look-up and drill-down browses. Drill-down browses can be specified on the menu or associated with a field. Look-up browses are always associated with individual fields for use in selecting entry values. See also Drill-down Browse and Look-up Browse.
An application used to view and navigate the World Wide Web and other internet resources. Common browsers include Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome.
A system in which information is accumulated into time periods such as weekly or monthly.
A system where time-phased data is processed, stored, and displayed using dated records rather than defined time buckets.
A group of GL accounts within a budget.
A plan that includes an estimate of future costs and revenues related to expected activities. The budget serves as a pattern for and a control over future operations.
The maximum amount of material allowed in a kanban supermarket when all the cards for a loop are full.
Items that are produced without customer orders and consumed (netted out) when the customer order comes in. For example, if component items are built in response to a customer order for a unit and then the order is canceled, the built-ahead components can be netted out the next time an order is placed for a unit that uses them.
Also known as Made-To-Order, refers to building and delivering a product based on a customer-specific order.
Another term for the reserve area of a warehouse.
A function for changes to master data to be reflected in promotions, rebates, and the price list functionality.
A method of picking that groups orders into routes so that all orders for a particular delivery area can be picked together.
The remaining quantities needed for wave replenishment when full-pallet picking or box picking is complete for a wave. The system calculates the remaining missing quantities as the sum of all order line quantities from a wave.
A variable overhead cost that varies with an item’s manufacturing time. Cannot be directly related to individual products. Examples are heating, rent, and maintenance.
A cost, usually in dollars per hour, normally added to the cost of every standard production hour to cover overhead expenses.
An authority recognized within the software development industry and various standards organizations on the introduction of the euro and its effects on accounting software packages.
A condition occurring inside an alert-enabled application.
Middleware to integrate applications. Combines with EDI communication systems. Also known as Business Interchange Service.
The process of gathering and analyzing corporate data to aid in decision-making and strategic planning. You typically use BI tools in the areas of customer profiling and support, market research, product profitability, statistical analysis, and inventory and distribution analysis.
A set of tables and fields defined within QXtend Outbound used to extract data from a source application.
An Open Applications Group, Inc.(OAGI) defined transaction format used to communicate among enterprise business applications. The BODs, based on industry consensus, contain high-quality business content represented in XML.
The concept of guiding business activities through a multi-step business process to improve performance and reduce costs within and across functional business units.
A general address record that can be connected to more specific instances of relationship types such as customers, suppliers, and entities.
In TrM, the structure of division, region, area, and zone. Divisions have covered regions, regions have covered areas. Within a division, zones can cut across regions and areas.
The exchange of products, services, or information between businesses rather than between businesses and consumers. For example, a company that supplies large quantities of material to manufacturers is a B2B supplier.
The exchange of products, services, or information between businesses and consumers. For example, an online retailer of books has a B2C operation.
Any supplying or manufacturing organization in a supply chain that uses Enterprise Material Transfer functionality. Also called entity. See also Primary Business Unit (PBU).
The individual responsible for purchasing. Buyer duties include vendor selection, negotiation, order placement, and follow-up as well as evaluation of new materials or processes, evaluation of vendor performance, and value analyses.
A field that specifies whether the pattern determined by the buying code spreads over the buy-in dates or the retail dates.
The pattern used to spread product volume over the period of a promotion in each included deal category. The buying code consists of seven weighted values that determine how the product volume is distributed, or spread, between the dates defined by the buying base.
Buying groups are administrative entities that aggregate buyers or members to leverage their joint purchasing power. The buying group receives a small administrative fee for the service and the buyers receive discounts below the wholesale list price that the distributor usually charges. Buying groups never actually handle or own any products; they simply negotiate contracts with manufacturers on behalf of their members.
A product that is an incidental result of a process and usually has little sales value. Recyclable products and waste products are types of by-products.