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A demand rate calculation used to balance total inventory costs against order costs. The EOQ is a type of fixed order quantity that can be used to determine the optimal amount of an item to be purchased or manufactured at one time. The purpose of the calculation is to minimize the combined costs of acquiring and carrying inventory.
Electronic commerce subsystem. Includes the software and hardware components required for EDI eCommerce to exchange electronic business documents with trading partners. The software components of an EC subsystem commonly include data communications, document mapping and translation, and document management features such as acknowledgment, reconciliation, and archiving.
The EDI component of QAD Enterprise Applications.
(1) The date when a component or an operation is to be added or removed from a bill of material or assembly process. (2) The date used in the explosion process to create demands for correct items. Normally, bill of material and routing systems provide for an effectivity start date and stop date, for each relationship. Can be controlled by serial number rather than date. (3) The first date to be used by a transaction. Also known as As Of Date or GL Effective Date. (4) The date used to select tax rates and price lists for a transaction.
The relationship between planned standard time and actual time charged to a task. Calculated by dividing standard hours earned by actual direct labor hours. It can be more than 100%.
A business document, such as a purchase order or invoice, represented in a machine-interpretable format defined according to international, national, industry, or proprietary standards.
A joint project by the United Nations body to use XML to standardize the secure exchange of business data.
The use of computer and telecommunication technologies to conduct business.
An international protocol for electronically transmitting documents such as customer schedules, invoices, and ASNs between trading partners.
A set of international standards that were developed to enable EDI among businesses located in North America, Europe, and other geographic regions. In 1987, the EDIFACT syntax proposals were accepted by the ISO Technical Board and the number ISO 9735 was allotted. These standards are application, communications medium, and machine-independent.
A QAD-provided definition of a set of QAD Enterprise Applications data that can be signed as a unit in certain menu programs.
A record that contains information that controls how electronic signatures are applied for a given signature category.
Adjustments made in the consolidating entity to support the concept that the parent company and its subsidiaries are viewed as a single economic entity. These adjustments eliminate any problems caused by transactions that have occurred between the two separate legal entities.
The initial Progress database defined by the database structure file, but without data.
Conversion of data into a form that cannot be easily intercepted by unauthorized people.
An item that is a final product in itself, for which an order or independent requirement exists. Can be a component of a different end item.
In Precision software, a field indicating when the shipment is ready for collection by a carrier.
A person who normally uses an item, requests maintenance for it, and reports problems. Each sold-to customer can have many end users.
The last year of historical sales data analyzed by a forecast calculation.
Operations planning for end items. Typically performed in the short- to medium-term horizon (zero to six months). Used to optimize global target inventory and production levels, and to develop production schedules for supply sites and production lines. For this, operations plans are developed and maintained for every end item.
In QAD Warehousing, the run-time programs that select and process all required inventory transactions.
In customer service functions, an individual who provides labor required to complete a project or resolve a support call.
A document tracking revision to a product structure, item list, or drawing authorized by an engineering department.
A list indicating when an engineer is available to take calls. Includes days and hours worked, and availability on holidays. An engineer can work from a master schedule or an individual schedule.
The automatic translation of sales orders or material orders into purchase orders and transmission to the appropriate supplier using EDI eCommerce. EMT also manages and coordinates changes so that SO (or MO) and PO information are synchronized. Multi-level EMT manages orders across multiple levels within an organization. Order changes made at the top or bottom of the hierarchy are transmitted up or down to the next level.
(1) An independent unit for financial reporting purposes. An entity generates a separate balance sheet and income statement, plans budgets, and is assessed for taxes. All GL transactions are posted by entity. The primary entity is the default entity for GL transactions. There is no limit to the number of entities in a database. (2) In relation to database architecture, an entity is a single person, place, or thing about which data can be stored.
Budgets that are structured and defined based on the COA of an entity or a group of entities. All levels of the COA can be used—GL, sub-account, cost center, project and SAF structures—and the user can define the hierarchy.
Dump name of a table; for example:
gd: general data
mf: master file
part: parts table
A data modeling technique that creates a graphical representation of the entities, and the relationships between entities, within an information system.
Numerical part of a journal entry.
Conditions that identify a set of tax types that applies to one or more ship-from/ship-to tax zone combinations or specific customer and supplier tax classes.
The difference between the forecasted and actual values.
The European currency that replaced all of the existing national currencies of participating member countries in the European Monetary Union at the start of 1999.
Concept that the euro can be accepted in place of an EMU national currency, and any EMU national currency can be accepted in place of the euro. Applies only during the transition period while the national currency is considered a denomination of the euro.
A barcoding standard that represents a superset of the uniform product code (UPC). It allows extra digits for country identification and is primarily used in retail distribution.
An international organization created to bring about economic integration among the six European countries of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
A subset of EU countries that have replaced their national currencies with a single currency, the euro. Consists of: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain.
The economic integration of European countries under a single macroeconomic and fiscal policy.
Method of recording a pending payment to a supplier without a supplier invoice. Liabilities to a supplier are recorded automatically, based on quantities received at the unit price established by you and the supplier in purchase order agreements.
A change to data in a targeted source application that is of interest to one or more subscribers to QXO. A notification of each relevant change is written to the qxevents database where QXO polls for it.
A process that runs on the QXO server that polls the qxevents database for change notifications. When a change is encountered, the event service queries the source application database for the changed data and writes the data as a raw message to the qxodb database.
A file generated during QDoc creation by QGen that contains field navigation information. Controls the processing of a QDoc request through the QAD Enterprise Applications user interface by indicating iteration levels and non-standard navigation. Each supported calling procedure has an associated events file.
A measure of how frequently a process can produce all the items assigned to it.
A system message usually created during MRP calculations to call attention to a current or potential problem and suggest corrective action.
A report listing only items that deviate from the plan.
Data files containing electronic business documents passed between the EC subsystem and EDI eCommerce. These files are comprised of the control record structures defined by the EC subsystem and the data record structures defined by eCommerce.
The rate at which money of one country can be exchanged for money of another country.
The amount that the base currency value of an asset or liability, denominated in a foreign currency, has increased or decreased due to a fluctuation of exchange rates over time. There are two types of exchange rate gains and losses: unrealized and realized.
Different types of exchange rates that indicate how they are used; for example, budget, cash, or revaluation.
The production control person in charge of expediting.
Rushing a work or purchase order through a production system to reduce normal lead time.
A non-inventory item consumed during service of a call or execution of a project. Examples include meals and travel costs for an engineer or technician.
Demand for components of a parent item calculated by multiplying parent item requirements by component usage quantity specified in a bill of material.
Demand for components of a parent item calculated by multiplying parent item requirements by component usage quantity specified in a bill of material.
A forecasting technique using a weighted moving average to give the most recent sales data more weight. Should not be used for seasonal items.
A way to electronically render or disseminate information in a form that other programs can use.
A specific alpha-numeric code that identifies the level of export control for items that are exported from member states of the Wassenaar Arrangement.
Physical units of a database that can split the database across multiple physical disks or logical volumes. Extents contain blocks of database objects. There are two types of extents: fixed- and variable-length.
A language commonly used in creating Web s and applications, XML is specifically designed for Web documents that allows the definition, transmission, validation, and interpretation of data between applications and organizations.
A language for formatting an XML document; for example, showing how the data described in the XML document should be presented in a Web site. XSLT shows how the XML document should be reorganized into another data structure (which could then be presented by following an XSL style sheet).
A standard way to describe how to transform the structure of an XML document into an XML document with a different structure. The coding for the XSLT is also referred to as a style sheet and can be combined with an XSL style sheet or be used independently.
A person at an outside company who is authorized to administer the user accounts of their own product users.
An NRM sequence number that is always supplied externally, typically entered by a user and validated by NRM. Never generated by the system. NRM verifies that the number belongs to the set defined by the sequence and that it has not yet been used.
The elements of a setup procedure performed while a process is running.
A customer warehouse where stock is stored.
A private network designed to securely share portions of business information or operations with suppliers, partners, customers, or other businesses. An extranet can be viewed as part of a company’s intranet that is extended to users outside the company.