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K
(1) A Japanese method of production and inventory control first developed and used at Toyota. Designed for the day-to-day on-floor control of production and inventory, it relies on a series of control triggers, typically in the form of cards. Kanban is the predecessor of Just in Time. (2) A signaling device (often a card) that gives instruction for production or conveyance of items in a pull system.
Card printed and placed on container in a kanban-controlled production environment.
One-card system or two-card system. In a one-card kanban system, all cards are replenishment cards. In a two-card system, there are move cards and replenishment cards.
A list used to move groups of empty kanban containers back to a supplying source for replenishment.
(1) A lot sizing technique in MRP where order quantity equals net requirement. (2) A pull-based work flow that controls inventory traffic between a supplying source and a consuming destination. Loops can use a single card to authorize replenishment and movement between locations or separate cards for replenishment and move authorizations.
The number of items in each replenishment kanban. This number can be different for replenishment kanbans and move kanbans.
The process of determining the number of Kanban cards or items per container required to manage production. Sizing is based on demand calculations performed previously.
An item for which there must be sufficient quantity on hand for a work order to be released and a picklist printed.
A quantifiable measurement that reflects a critical success factor for an organization or system.
Anything that can limit production capacity and cannot be easily increased, such as available funds, critical machines, floor space.
A work center that is crucial to the manufacture of a product. If work does not flow through this work center, a bottleneck is created.
Kit
A type of configured product that represents a collection of items that are picked and shipped together but that require no assembly. Compare with Assemble to Order (ATO).
The process of removing components of an assembly from a stockroom and sending them to an assembly floor as a kit of items. It can take place automatically whenever a full set of items is available; it probably requires an authorization.
A measure of flatness and tail thickness of a distribution as compared with the normal distribution. Positive kurtosis, or leptokurtic, indicates a relatively peaked distribution. Negative kurtosis, or platykurtic, indicates a relatively flat distribution.