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M
The overhead cost based on the number of hours a machine is in use, both while it is being set up and while products are being run.
A production area consisting of one or more people and/or machines. Considered as one unit for capacity requirements planning and detailed scheduling.
The database that contains the bulk of the transaction data for a given environment.
A contract that includes a number of scheduled visits by an engineer not to fix broken equipment but to ensure that it remains in good working order.
Programs used to add, modify, and delete records and codes in the QAD Enterprise Applications database.
Items used in support of general operations and maintenance, such as maintenance supplies, spare parts, and consumables used in the manufacturing process and supporting operations.
Equipment setup and related activities required to manufacture a group of items in sequence, exclusive of the setup required for each item in the group.
A production approach to manufacture a product to customer specification with little or no stocking of raw material. Long lead-time components are sometimes planned before receiving an order to reduce delivery time to customers.
A production approach to manufacture a product based on forecasts or other methods, before receiving a customer order. Shipped off the shelf from finished goods.
A base currency for the consolidation entity during the consolidation process. The management currency can be different from the base currency in the source consolidation entities, but is also used in transactions created in these entities.
A permanent layer for management accounts, such as recording auditors adjustments, adjustments between the local books and other GAAP; for example, US GAAP and IFRS. The management layer is optional, and you can define custom management layers, which behave in the same way as the system-defined layer.
In BPM Portal, a type of user that can coordinate and monitor business processes, assign tasks to users in their departments, and act as the process owner.
Handwritten payments transferred by bank or in person.
A queue within which the products must be operated manually by an operator to continue the progress of the products.
A code that identifies a company’s site and is a required component of serial shipping container codes (SSCC) used in some barcode pallet IDs.
A calendar used in inventory and production planning that consecutively numbers working days. Allows component and work-order scheduling to be based on actual work days available.
The time between release of an order to a work center and either shipment to a customer or receipt into inventory.
A factory-floor information and communication system that can provide real-time feedback and analysis of activity monitored by physical devices on a production line.
The normal or average number of working days it takes to manufacture the item, including the time to process paperwork, issue components, inspect the finished product, and receive it into stock.
A comprehensive planning method integrating business plans, MPS, MRP, CRP, and execution support systems with financial reports and inventory projections.
A site generating sales forecast demand for an item, such as sales offices and distribution centers. An item can be sold from multiple marketing sites. The same site can be both a supply site and a marketing site.
A pattern that determines how values are formatted and replaced at run time.
A functionality that lets you rapidly set up and define many similar locations in a warehouse.
A receipt given a carrier that includes details from several bills of lading; often represents an entire truck.
Marking an approved but not yet released PCR/PCO for release at the next run.
Marking an already registered NRM sequence number as printed.
A group of users targeted for marketing purposes, such as offering a limited-time discount to members of specific groups. The behavior of the site can also be controlled by marketing group.
Basic business information in QAD Enterprise Applications. Includes information about items, sites, locations, pricing, compliance (to government regulations), addresses, taxes, and so on.
An anticipated build schedule resulting from master scheduling. Takes into account forecast, production plan, backlog, availability of material, capacity, management policies, and goals, and so on. Details what a company plans to produce in specific configurations, quantities, and dates.
Another name for Master Production Schedule.
Total scheduled receipts from supply orders, which are planned, firmed, released, and so on. Can be master schedule order, purchase order, or distribution order planned receipts.
An item selected for planning by the master scheduler. An item with critical impact on lower-level components and resources, including work force, key work centers, and cash flow. The master scheduler, not the computer, maintains the plan for an item. Can be an end item, component, or phantom.
Manager of the master schedule. Must have both shop and product knowledge.
The matching of amounts recorded on supplier invoices to purchase order receipts and calculation of variances.
A tab on the Supplier Invoice Create screen in which you configure matching postings for the invoice.
A global set of principles for materials processes from the Automotive Industry Action Group (AIAG) in North America and Odette International Limited in Europe. They incorporate the Materials Management Operations Guidelines (MMOG) of AIAG and Odette Logistics Evaluation (OLE) documents, and replace multiple customer-specific assessment forms. The guide automatically scores and rates the compliance levels of suppliers and identifies necessary actions to satisfy requirements.
An internal order for managing the transfer of inventory between a supply center and designated service or project locations. There are four types of MOs:
MOs associated with a call
MOs associated with a project activity order
MOs to replenish an engineer’s stock
MOs that are expensed
The difference between cost of components when and where issued and the frozen work order bill of material cost.
A time-phased priority planning system that calculates material requirements using product structures, inventory status, the master production schedule, and open order dates. Determines what to order, when, and how much. Supply is scheduled and rescheduled to meet changing demand and maintain valid due dates. MRP requires a source of demand, product structures and routings, accurate inventory balances, and planning data.
An inventory planning strategy in which you base the lot size on consuming a given amount of a setup-intensive material, rather than on the kanban quantity. For example, you might plan to run enough items to use up an entire spool of steel coil regardless of the kanban size.
The difference between the quantity required of a component and the issued quantity.
A measure of maximum amount of aging days. Maximum aging days helps track the inventory at your customer’s facility and how long it has been there without being used. This plays an important role in some industries more than others.
This could also be a potential liability if your customer holds inventory for a long period then wants to return it to you. Part of what you negotiate is effectively a shelf life expiration date—an agreement on how long the customer can hold inventory without paying for it.
An order quantity modifier applied after a lot size is calculated that limits order quantity to a predetermined maximum.
The maximum transaction amount subject to tax rate.
Maximum allowable global inventory coverage level for an item. Affects either family plans or operations plans, depending on when target inventory levels are calculated.
Synonymous with the term average. Calculated by summing the values of the items and then dividing the total by the number of items summed. Like the median, it is often used as a measure of location for a frequency or probability distribution.
Similar to Mean Error, except the MAE takes account of the absolute values of the errors. That is, MAE takes negative values and replaces them with their absolute (that is, positive) values. This method de-emphasizes large outliers. Negative and positive results cannot cancel each other out. A zero MAE represents a perfect fit.
A measure of relative overall fit, commonly used in quantitative forecasting methods. The absolute values of all the percentage errors are summed up and the average is computed.
The average error value. It is sometimes less reliable than other accuracy statistics because large outliers can cancel each other out, producing a ME near zero, which would indicate a perfect fit. For example, positive and negative error values could produce an average of zero, which might not accurately describe the overall fit of the forecast.
A traditional measure of forecast accuracy. Mean square error is used when all errors are similar in magnitude. If the data contains one or two large errors, calculate the mean absolute error (MAE), since using sum squares magnifies these errors. Also use the MAE or MSE to select the right forecasting model by choosing the model that results in the smallest MAE or MSE. Remember, you cannot compare forecast models that used different data transformations, and you cannot compare MSE to MAE.
The middle item after the entire sequence is arranged in either ascending or descending order. Used to measure the location for a frequency or probability distribution.
Class I - Devices subject to General Controls, commodity like products that pose little patient risk such as a stethoscope or wheelchair. Class II - Devices subject to General Controls and Special Controls that entail moderate patient risks such as an endoscope or x-ray machine. Class III - Devices subject to General Controls, Special Controls, and Pre-market Clearance. Class III devices sustain or support life, are implanted, or present potential risks such that their safety and efficacy must be established in clinical trials.
A national currency that has joined a monetary union, such as the EMU. Applies only during the transition period. An example of a member currency was the French franc. During transition to the euro, member currencies are denominations of the union currency at a fixed exchange rate.
An entry made to the GL that is posted to memo accounts. A memo account is used to record and report reference information. Amounts posted to memo accounts print on financial statements, but are not included in any totals or calculations.
A non-inventory item not found in the item master table or considered by MRP. Shipping or receiving memo items does not affect inventory or create GL transactions.
A list of available submenus and programs.
Replacing one program with another on the menu. For example, you can set up the menu so that when users select a particular program, they get a customized version of it instead of the one delivered with QAD Enterprise Applications.
A promotion deal category. Lump sums are applied toward merchandise not necessarily related to the product sold, such as hats, tee shirts, point-of-sale displays. This deal category is not used in the current release.
A program merging open requirements in an active required ship schedule (RSS) to a new active RSS using Required Ship Schedule Update and Selective Required Ship Schedule Update. See also Required Ship Schedule (RSS).
A class of software that proves data or message transport services between applications, when the source and destination applications are typically distributed on different platforms and development/run-time environments. Software that exchanges asynchronous client/server messages using message queues.
A process that runs on the QXO server that polls the qxodb database for raw messages. When one is encountered, the message publisher republishes the message in QDoc format. It uses the profiles to create the QDocs required by each interested subscriber. The QDocs are written back to the qxodb database. If no profile messages are created from a raw message, Message Publisher deletes the raw message from the qxodb database.
A process that runs on the QXO server that polls the qxodb database for QDocs. When one is encountered, the message sender sends it to each interested subscriber.
Tables or fields with initial underscore.
Measures the usage of a fixed asset. Used by the units-of-production depreciation method.
Unexplained variance. Any amount left in WIP at the end of the work order or cumulative order accounting calculations.
An operation, defined in Routing Maintenance, that is used to report completions.
Shipments when one truck is used to deliver items to multiple customers.
A protocol for exchanging different kinds of information on the Internet. The MIME header is inserted at the beginning of a Web transmission so that client programs can select the appropriate associated application.
In XML, a unique identifier for a collection of element type and attribute names. In an XML document, any element type or attribute name can have a two-part name consisting of the name of its namespace and then its local—or functional—name.
The planned minimum allowable inventory for an independent demand item.
An order quantity modifier applied after a lot size is calculated that increases order quantity to a predetermined minimum.
The minimum transaction amount subject to a tax rate.
Minimum allowable global inventory coverage level for an item. Affects either family plans or operations plans, depending on when target inventory levels are calculated. When you decrease an item’s production due quantity, a minus sign (–) alerts you to potential inventory shortages.
Incremental setup activities required when changing from one item to another within a group of items.
A generic supplier used as a reference when generating payments for organizations that are not set up as suppliers.
An item for which there must be sufficient quantity on hand for a work order to be released and a picklist printed.
A purchase order is a contract with a supplier that stipulates the delivery of items on specified dates. It includes the delivery address, the terms of the agreement, tax data, and shipping costs. QAD’s system supports three kinds of purchase orders: discrete POs, blanket POs, and supplier schedules. Discrete POs are used for single transactions with a supplier. Blanket POs are used for multiple deliveries of stock items, where an ongoing relationship with the supplier is assumed but exact delivery dates are undecided. A supplier schedule is an agreement with a supplier that guarantees a specified order level.
A sales order represents an offer to sell the customer certain items at a certain price at a certain time. A sales order also represents the commitment from the customer to purchase the items. QAD system provides various functions for processing sales orders, including: standard sales orders, consolidated order processing, and customer-scheduled orders.
Production scheduling that accommodates various manufacturing environments, including discrete manufacturing, repetitive, JIT, and lean.
The value or values that appear most frequently within your data set.
Depreciation convention. If the asset is put into service in the first half of the year, a full year of depreciation is calculated. If the asset is put in service in the second half of the year, a half-year depreciation is calculated. If the asset is disposed of in the first half of the year, no depreciation is calculated for the year. If the asset is disposed of in the second half of the year, a half-year depreciation is calculated.
User-defined fields used to group and identify promotions.
A type of planning bill arranged in product modules or options. Often used where products have many options, such as automobiles.
A general approach to programming in which programs are broken down into components, called modules, each containing its own procedures and data. Modules are coupled as loosely as possible, with interactions minimized and tightly controlled.
A group of programs for related business activities such as Purchasing or Sales Orders/Invoices.
Assets and liabilities that are treated as cash, or cash equivalents, representing a claim to receive or pay a fixed sum of money. Examples are cash, accounts receivable, and accounts payable. These assets and liabilities must be reported at their estimated realizable value.
Physical movement of inventory from one location to another within a facility. Typically made under the direction and control of an inventory system.
A kanban card authorizing the movement of component materials from a storage location to the supermarket site.
The time a work order spends between work centers.
An action whereby warehouse staff use the RF to inform that tasks are complete and users confirm movement on the RF.
An arithmetic average utilizing the most recent data. As new data is added, the oldest data is dropped.
Also known as the MRP planning horizon. The MRP horizon is how far to plan forward in time, and is determined by how far ahead demand is known and by the lead times through the manufacturing operation.
The Japanese word for waste.
A module that provides a full set of functions that enables your system to support monetary amounts expressed in either the system base currency or in a non-base (foreign) currency. Foreign currencies can be used with purchase orders, sales quotations, sales orders, price lists, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and customer services. In the general ledger, foreign currencies can be used when entering transactions or setting up balance sheet accounts for assets and liabilities.
A product structure showing all components used in an assembly, and the quantity required of each. If a component is a subassembly, all components are also shown.
A list of all assemblies where a component is used and the next higher level where the parents are used.
A process resulting in more than one co-product. Applications are:
Demand for one of multiple co-products results in initiation of a process producing all the multiple co-products.
Multiple co-products represented by items having BOM/formula codes that reference the same base process.
An optional feature of SSM that enables the system to present call dates and times from the point of view of a call’s end user. This allows users in diverse geographical locations to view times relative to their own time zones.