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O
A unique identifier for a database record.
The layer used for statutory postings, for example, GAAP purposes, fiscal stock valuation, or fiscal depreciation. The official layer is mandatory and system-defined. All official postings are posted to the official layer and cannot be deleted or transferred to another layer. A combination of the official layer and a number of management layers is typically used in reporting to show the results according to the relevant statutory requirements.
Time, in months, between start of production and date a resource is needed.
An engineer schedule created to cover nights, weekends, and holidays.
A kanban system that uses a single card both to authorize production and to signal movement from the supplying source to the consuming location.
A lot-sizing technique that produces an order only once, based on the due date of the first item required. Used for a project such as creating an engineering drawing that occurs only once in the manufacturing of a product.
A transfer that occurs dynamically rather than as the result of a statically predefined transfer. On-the-fly transfers are useful when the warehouse is full or you need to move pallets to clear aisles.
In QAD Warehousing, a defined point that when reached, triggers an opportunity count.
A data access method that supports data access from any application, regardless of the database management system (DBMS) being used.
Unpaid and partly settled invoices, both from customers and suppliers, where the transaction is not completed at the end of the GL period.
An active manufacturing order, purchase order, or unfilled customer order.
The balance of an account at the start of an accounting period.
Software that allows a computer, terminal, printer, and storage device to work together efficiently. Examples are Windows and UNIX.
A single job or task performed as part of a work order. All operations required to manufacture an item constitute a routing.
A number indicating the order in which operations are performed in a routing.
A scheduled due date and/or start date of a specific operation of a specific job, usually as determined by a back-scheduling process.
The recording and reporting of every manufacturing (shop order) operation occurrence on an operation-to-operation basis.
The date by which an operation must be started to be finished by the order due date. Calculated using scheduled quantities and lead times (queue, setup, run, move), or using work and time remaining to complete the job.
Setup time plus run time.
The ratio of usable output from a process, process stage, or operation to input quantity, usually expressed as a percentage.
A technique for determining component item requirements. Operation-based yield uses the yield percentage of the item’s routing information to determine if parent items scrapped earlier in the manufacturing process require fewer component items for subsequent manufacturing operation processes.
A plan showing an end item’s sales forecasts, target inventory levels, and production demands for the planning horizon. Can be viewed from global, site, and production line levels.
A mechanism for planning global replenishment from supply sites based on demand and desired inventory levels from marketing sites. Strives to simplify factory production planning by combining demand from multiple sites. Enables you to allocate production across multiple production sites. Supports monitoring of actual sales, production, and inventory against targets. Maximizes labor, equipment, and other assets.
Ordered steps for processing an item or assembly in a manufacturing system. Usually defined on a route sheet.
A cycle count of inventory items for monitoring stock levels. Opportunity counts are triggered automatically by stock movements. Certain conditions—for example, when stock is picked or transferred from a non-special storage location group—cause the system to check the opportunity count threshold for an item. If stock is at or below the specified level, the system initiates a cycle count.
In warehousing, a method of determining the best way to find locations for a put-away. Optimization is typically used when stock levels in a warehouse begin to get high. In optimized storage, QAD Warehousing tries to find locations to put away inventory by examining the available space within each available location, without regard for the number of put-away transactions.
A production schedule that operates within the material and capacity constraints on an enterprise to best meet a set of predefined business objectives. Optimized schedules are produced using advanced planning and scheduling (APS) systems.
For configured products, a choice between two or more versions of a required component, such as the choice of engine size for a car.
A contract with a supplier for items to be delivered on specified dates. States who is involved, terms, tax data, and shipping costs.
Acceptance and translation of a customer order into terms used by the manufacturer. Can range from processing shipping documents for finished goods to creating engineering documents for make-to-order items.
Item characteristics such as order quantity, order policy, order period, order minimum, and order multiple.
A level of inventory that signals the need to reorder. Usually calculated by adding safety stock quantity to expected usage during lead time.
Method of specifying the number and size of each MRP planned order. There are five types:
Period Order Quantity (POQ). Generates planned orders to cover demands during a specified order period
Fixed Order Quantity (FOQ). Generates planned orders equal to order quantity
Lot for Lot (LFL). Generates a planned order to satisfy each demand
One-Time Only (OTO). Prototype items that MRP orders only once
Blank. Ignored by MRP
Adjustment to lot sizing rules due to special considerations. Examples are maximum order quantity, minimum order quantity, and multiple order quantity.
(1) An order quantity modifier applied after a lot size is calculated. Forces order quantity to be predetermined or a multiple of that quantity. For example, if multiple order quantity is 5, an order can be placed for 5, 10, 15, or any other multiple of 5. (2) A user-defined value that causes Kanban Workbench to set the loop order quantity to a multiple of the specified value. This results in a number of kanbans that is also a multiple of the same value.
Status indicating whether an item or order is open, canceled, or closed.
A plan projecting how many sales orders will be booked each month for a given product line at a given site. Records the actual number booked for comparison.
One type of record created by the order receiver in JIT/S when it parses the broadcast messages received from the customer. ORDi records contain additional customer-specific information about the order.
The primary standards organization for automotive EDI in Europe.
A manufacturer that buys and incorporates another supplier’s products into its own products.
Any entry that increases the value of a sub-ledger account. For example, posting an invoice is an originating entry because it increases the value of Accounts Receivable.
A cost incurred and payable to a third-party supplier for the transportation of goods from a company location to a customer or to another company location.
A vendor. Used to convey the idea of a vendor as an extension of a shop, typically in subcontracting operations.
Costs incurred in operation of a business not directly related to products or services produced. Distributed to units of product using a standard method such as direct labor hours.
Removal from stock and assignment to a schedule of a quantity higher than the schedule quantity.
Picking more stock from locations in a storage location group than is specified in the order.
In QAD Warehousing, a process and function in which warehouse staff use the RF to select a multi- or single-item pallet from the reserve area. Staff replenish one or multiple locations from the pallet in the home location, and return the remainder on the pallet to the reserve area.
The amount of depreciation previously taken in another fixed-assets system.
In TrM, the staff member who is the designated manager of a transaction or user-defined group. Designation of owner on transactions and groups in TrM is used mainly for security purposes.