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A series of production steps, frequently at the downstream (customer) end of the value stream in a facility. This process determines the demand pattern and sets the required production pace for upstream processes.
A physical entity that holds items for shipping from the end of a production line or from a packing area. It is built based on a defined packaging assembly unit.
The packaging unit, ship-to, and rules for building a package for a specific assembly unit.
A definition of a package including the package type and capacity. When the package type is rack, the definition includes rules for sorting, printing, and validation order.
A document included with a shipment that itemizes and details the contents.
A portable platform used to store and transport inventory. Some companies group items by pallet for operations planning.
Another term for the reserve area of a warehouse.
RF functionality that lets warehouse staff pick a single-lot/item pallet and display the pallet contents, much like a bill of materials. Once displayed, staff can add containers to an exploded pallet.
An indicator of how tax amounts are reported. Tax amounts for a lower-level zone are reported both at that level and at a higher-level zone.
A company that owns a majority of the voting stock for another company, known as a subsidiary. Each subsidiary exists as a separate, legal entity. However, the two companies function as a single economic entity because the parent company controls the activities and resources of the subsidiary. As a result, the separate financial statements of the parent company and its subsidiaries are combined into a single set of financial statements called consolidated financial statements.
An item that is a final product in itself, for which an order or independent requirement exists. Can be a component of a different parent item. Also called end item.
Concept that a small percentage of a group typically accounts for the greatest percentage of value or effort generated by the group. For example, 20% of items in inventory comprise 80% of inventory value. Also known as the 80/20 Rule.
The process where a PLC validates an item and some indicator is passed back to the shop floor system indicating it has passed or failed.
Any shipment less than the amount ordered. See also Backorder.
An order not completed by the date scheduled.
A code specifying the days of the week or month when shipments or deliveries are accepted by a customer.
The data fields specified in a synchronization profile whose values are included in a synchronization document.
Layout of a payment file sent to the bank for processing; associated with a currency code. Some countries have separate payment formats for domestic and foreign transactions. The payment formats are linked to the GL bank account.
A code grouping suppliers by priority for payment. You assign these groups when you define suppliers.
The methods for resolving customer and supplier open items such as checks, direct debits, drafts, promissory notes, electronic transfers, and summary statements.
A way of calculating safety stock for a kanban supermarket based on the highest average demand over a specified number of days.
(1) In MRP and MPS, the capability to identify for a given item the sources of its gross requirements and/or allocations. (2) The process of consuming a shipper line that is tied to a required ship schedule requirement record.
Comparison of an item’s actual sales, inventory, and production levels with its family plan and operations plan.
A supplier’s promised delivery date.
An entity that executes a workstep in Business Process Management (BPM). Depending on the workstep type, the performer can be a user, a group of users, an adapter, or a script.
A GL account used to track the amount of depreciation expense for the accounting period.
A code used in the GL close procedures. All normal transactions before a close get the initial mark of that period. If a period is reopened for further activity, a new mark is created so that the corrective entries can be reported separately.
A lot sizing technique where lot size is equal to net requirements for a given item period; for example, a month’s supply.
A script programming language (Practical Extraction and Reporting Language) that is similar in syntax to the C language and that includes a number of desirable UNIX facilities. Perl is regarded as a good choice for developing Common Gateway Interface (CGI) programs because it has good text manipulation facilities.
A method of keeping inventory that immediately records on-hand quantity for items as they are issued or received. See also Physical Inventory.
A quality inherent in a procedure that creates its context when it executes and maintains that context until the end of a Progress session or until explicitly deleted. As long as a persistent procedure’s context is in scope, the triggers and internal procedures of the procedure remain available for execution.
An account and location where tangible cash is stored for use in purchasing or for reimbursing inexpensive expenditures.
Small-scale human trials to determine safety. Typically include 20 - 60 patients and are six months to one year in length.
Preliminary trials on a drug’s safety/efficacy. Typically include 100 - 500 patients and are one and one-half to two years in length.
Large-scale controlled clinical trials for efficacy/safety; also the last stage before a request for approval for commercial distribution is made to the FDA. Typically include 1,000 - 7,500 patients and are three to five years in length.
Follow-up trials after a drug is released to the public.
An item or subassembly directly consumed into its parent items and not planned or stocked upon completion. Normally, lead time is zero, and lot sizing is lot for lot. Permits MRP to drive requirements through the phantom item to its components while retaining the ability to net against any subassembly inventories. Facilitates the use of common product structures for engineering and manufacturing.
A coding and structuring technique for bills of material, used primarily for transient (non-stocked) subassemblies, commonly used as phantoms.
A tax reporting method in which one zone is an alias for another zone at the same level, and reporting is done only for the alias.
The name you have given the database schema area file (with extension .db).
(1) Actual inventory. (2) An actual count of inventory. Can be taken on a continuous, periodic, or annual basis.
A transaction for part allocation. Use it as a reference to manually pull a part from the correct location.
Another term for the picking area.
Removing items from stock to fill a work order or customer order.
A type of algorithm that finds stock to fill sales orders or work orders.
A document that lists material to be picked for manufacturing or shipping orders. In distribution functions, known as a pre-shipper.
The total collection of sequenced orders that can be built for each product family based on the different broadcast messages you receive from the customer.
Inventory to fill a transportation network and distribution system, including the flow through intermediate stocking points. Flow time through the pipeline has a major effect on the amount of inventory required in the pipeline. Time factors include orders transmission, order processing, shipping, transportation, receiving, stocking, and review time.
A consistent increment of work used to determine the frequency at which finished goods are withdrawn from a pacemaker process as well as the corresponding amount of schedule released to that process. It is typically the basic unit of the production schedule for a product family. Pitch is often calculated based on the customer’s ship container quantity.
Standard hours of work required by MRP planned production orders.
A suggested order quantity, release date, and due date created by MRP processing when it encounters net requirements. Only generated outside an item’s time fence. Must be approved by the master planner to become firm planned orders in the master production schedule.
A planning bill of material is an artificial grouping of items or events in bill-of-material format. It is used to facilitate master scheduling and material planning.
A period, in calendar days, over which MRP is to plan. MRP only processes material requirements within this horizon.
A product structure used for planning, usually to forecast percent of demand for options and accessories.
A schedule used for moderate or long-term planning of production, materials, and resources. Shows weekly/monthly quantities and dates, and covers a time horizon from the present out 2–6 months.
A code specifying the time of day when shipments or deliveries are accepted by a customer.
QAD system supports simple capabilities to track maintenance costs, maintenance scheduling for work centers and plant within a manufacturing business. For organizations that are more capital intensive (for example, organizations that may have furnaces or forging operations) there is a greater requirement for plant maintenance. QAD offers a partner solution to address these additional requirements.
An underlying computer system on which application programs run. Historically, most application programs had to be written to run on a particular platform. Products written in Java, however, are cross-platform, meaning they can be run anywhere the Java runtime environment is installed.
A unit of about 1/72 inch used to measure type size.
Place where the purchase is made at the check stand or scanning terminals in a retail store.
The location where a kanban item is consumed, as opposed to the supermarket location where it is stored.
Commonly referred to as Error-Proofing or Mistake-Proofing. The aim of Poka Yoke is to design devices that prevent mistakes from becoming defects by giving the earliest possible warning to enable response to abnormalities. Poka Yoke devices sense abnormalities and act only when an abnormality is identified.
A small UNIX and Java program installed on the customer’s system. It periodically establishes connections with Supply Chain Portal.
Poller user name and poller password that is required for each ERP database or data source exporting data to SCP.
In QAD Warehousing, codes that represent ease of access by defining the relative priority for choosing a location in which to put away inventory.
A document status that applies to documents linked to open items.
An identifier for a postal district. Called a ZIP code in the US. You can set up tax zones by postal code whenever tax types or tax rates vary within a city.
Transfer of debit and credit amounts to the general ledger.
A transportation management system developed by Precision Software, a division of QAD Inc.
An application to the FDA seeking permission to sell a medical device (rather than a drug) that is implanted, life-sustaining, or life-supporting.
The payment of all or part of a debt before the creation of an invoice.
A preliminary and temporary shipper created either automatically from detailed allocation, or manually using Pre-Shipper/Shipper Workbench. Also referred to as a picklist.
Actions taken to keep an item in a specified operating condition by performing service at regular intervals.
Volume price breaks to be assigned for multiple items. Discounts can be calculated based on the quantity or amount ordered on multiple lines of a sales order or quote. Price break categories can also be used to tie the price or discounts for one item to one or more other items.
A price structure defining specific prices, discounts, and markups at different quantity levels. Can be stated in terms of company base currency or any other currency.
Method in which the system calculates the discount for a deal category. There are four pricing methods: dollar off, percent off, net price, and markup.
In EMT, the organization in a supply chain that processes the original customer order.
A domain associated with the current database.
A key value that identifies a database record as unique. The primary index information is stored in an internal database table for use in application development.
A code that determines the format of printed output.
The up to and through date of a prior cumulative required quantity.
The total quantity required before the date of release.
Method used by a dispatcher and production supervisor to rank work orders. Examples are critical ratio and operation due date.
A discrete task or operation that a user can perform. Privileges are combined to define roles. Privileges are distributed with Product Information Management and cannot be changed.
A systematic sequence of steps producing a specified result.
A self-contained unit in Business Process Management (BPM) that is created each time the user starts an application. The process instance persists until the last workstep in the process is completed.
Production that adds value by mixing, separating, forming, and/or using chemical reactions. Can be done in batch or continuous mode.
A group of activities before and after which flow stops and inventory accumulates in a supermarket.
A specific version of a business process. Different process templates have different names. In BPM Studio, a process template is typically displayed graphically as a process diagram. By convention, the process template name is normally the application name with a version suffix, such as “_v2.” In combination with the application name, the process template name identifies the deployed process on the BPM server.
Any commodity produced for sale. End items and replacement items are products.
A set of functions that lets you change the item data, product structures, routings, formulas, processes, and item specifications in a controlled environment without affecting production processes.
A change document that details changes to a production process and is moved through a defined approval sequence before updating production tables.
A change document similar to a product change order, but with a shorter life cycle. It never affects production. Once approved, it is either closed or converted into a PCO for further work.
A logical grouping of related products in PIM. Product classes are organized hierarchically (within specific catalogs) and can be used for various purposes, such as searching/navigation, sales tracking, or inventory control. Unlimited numbers of product classes belonging to multiple catalogs can be accommodated.
(1) A group of products that go through the same or similar downstream assembly steps and equipment. (2) In JIT/S, items in a customer order can be grouped in multiple ways to result in the various final items to be shipped.
The order processor generates a product family order for each product family that is in a customer order version generated by the order receiver.
Each version of the product family order list that has the latest lists of items, attributes, and components required for the product family covered by the product family order. The order processor generates the POLV based on the latest COV.
Groups to which all products in TrM must be assigned in every division. Each product is assigned to one and only one product group.
(1) The stages a new product idea goes through. (2) The time from initial research and development to the time sales and support of the product to customers are withdrawn. (3) The time during which a product can be produced and marketed profitably.
Similar items or products grouped for accounting and planning purposes. Every item must belong to only one product line. For operations planning, can identify items planned as a group due to similarity of manufacturing processes, sales channels, or other characteristics.
A plan of sales, shipments, and production for a group of items classified as a product line.
The amount of a resource required to produce one unit of a production plan.
A list of key resources required to manufacture one unit of a specified product. Shows the timing and duration of each resource relative to the due date of the product. Used with a master production schedule to determine the total load on each resource by time period. Also known as bill of resources or bill of labor.
Codes used by Volvo Car Corporation in broadcast messages to represent items. PML must be mapped to items defined within the application.
A unique number identifying an item.
A set of up to nine user-designated product characteristics used to describe and categorize products. Users define the valid values for the profiles and assign profile values to products. Products that exist in multiple divisions can have a unique set of profile values in each division. Profiles can be used as selection criteria for promotions and rebates, budget matching parameters, and for reports and views.
A method of identifying all raw materials, components, and subassemblies in a product. Recorded as a single-level relationship between a parent item and component, product structures determine when and how many component items are needed. Also called a bill of material (BOM), parts list, or formula.
Directing and regulating the movement of goods through the manufacturing cycle, from requisition of raw material to delivery of a finished product.
Production requirement for an item. At global and site levels, calculated as (Sales Forecast + Target Inventory) – Previous Week’s Projected QOH.
Working environment where the business’ day-to-day business transactions are entered.
A predicted level of customer demand for an option or feature of an assembled-to-order or finished-to-order product. Calculated by netting customer backlog against MPS for a family or product line. A product’s available to promise quantity is then factored based on the option percentage in the planning product structure.
A set of production equipment dedicated to a particular item or family of items. Production lines are used in operations planning and repetitive and flow scheduling environments.
A projection of how much of a given product line will be produced each month at a given site; also records actual amount produced for comparison. The key input into MPS and resource planning.
In QXtend, a subscriber-specific definition of a subset of a business object.
An account in which the profit for a GL period is calculated. It shows details of revenues and expenses for that period.
The difference between production cost and sales price.
The technical program name, as opposed to the description that appears in the title bar. For example, Customer Data Maintenance is the description of a program called adcsmt.p.
An electronic device that is programmed to test the state of input process data and to set output lines in accordance with the input state. PLCs provide factory floor operations with the ability to monitor and control activities.
QAD uses Progress for data storage due to its cross-platform, internationalized, and easy deployment capabilities.
A programming language developed with Progress Software.
An area at the bottom of the QAD Enterprise Applications screen containing information on available options. Also called status bar.
In PRM, a series of installation tasks that require items, labor, and expenses to complete. Projects are delivered to designated customers in one or more steps over time.
In PRM, a group of related project activities that are managed and completed together as a unit of work.
The recording of actual time, materials, and expenses consumed in executing a PRM project.
Optional component of an account number defined in GL setup functions. Other components are account, sub-account, and cost center. Project codes are not available for all GL transactions. Inventory value, but not physical inventory, can be tracked by project codes.
An inventory location where items are stored before they are consumed by a PRM project.
A module that provides features for recording and managing complex installation tasks that require items, labor, and expenses to complete. PRM provides features for creating projects, tracking their activity, and generating invoices.
In PRM, a set of fields for tracking quantities and costs related to project components.
In MRP, an inventory balance projected into the future. The running sum of on-hand inventory minus gross requirements, plus scheduled receipts.
A global projected on-hand inventory quantity, calculated as (Previous Week’s Projected QOH + Production Due) – Sales Forecast. For the first week, projected QOH is the opening QOH. Displayed by both family plan and operations plan.
The number of weeks of inventory coverage on hand after producing quantities indicated by a family plan or operations plan. Initially, equals the item’s average weeks-of-coverage factor. When you change production due, the system recalculates this using the item’s minimum and maximum coverage factors to project inventory shortages and surpluses.
In the form of a promise of payment made by the debtor instead of an unconditional payment order to the beneficiary. A promissory note carries more risk for the beneficiary and has less legal consequences for the issuer in case of no payment.
Promotion customer levels are: region, zone, customer group, user-defined customer group, and customer.
Typically short-term, temporary trade discounts.
An environment variable containing the list of directories Progress searches when looking for a program to execute.
The system of taxes used in Canada.
A special type of credit term used in France and some other countries. Allows you to manage due dates so processing occurs once a week, once a fortnight, or monthly.
An essential part of any Build-To-Order strategy. Having set up the framework for Flow, the next step is to only produce what the customer needs. Pull means that no one upstream ought to produce goods or services until the customer downstream asks for it.
(1) In production, the production of items only as demanded for use, or to replace those taken for use. (2) In material control, the withdrawal of inventory as demanded by using operations. Material is not issued until a signal comes from the user. (3) In distribution, a system for replenishing field warehouse inventories where replenishment decisions are made at a field warehouse or at a central warehouse or plant.
A contract with a supplier to purchase a specific quantity of items to be delivered at an agreed-upon date for a set price. Includes order quantity, description, price, discounts, payment terms, transportation terms, and all other terms pertinent to the purchase and its execution.
The amount required to purchase a fixed asset.
The difference between unit cost on a purchase order and GL unit cost in an item master. Calculated when a purchase order is received.
A role that allows a party to buy goods or services.
An authorization for a buyer to purchase a specific item, in a specific quantity, at a specific due date. Can be produced by approving MRP-generated planned orders or by manual entry.
A GL account charged when non-inventory goods are vouchered in Accounts Payable.
The number of calendar days from the date the need for a purchased item is recognized until the item is available for sale or issue. Includes time for procurement, vendor lead, and receiving. Does not include inspection lead time.
In a customer-scheduled order, a code communicated as part of an EDI transaction that indicates how the imported schedule ought to be processed.
The production of items in response to a given schedule. Push-based manufacturing is associated with producing products for which there is no demand.
Replenishment or production of items or materials in response to a given schedule or order from a centralized authority or a warehouse.
A type of algorithm that is used in non-functional internal routing groups to find locations in storage areas by considering size and available space. Put-away algorithms look for empty locations, desirable locations, or locations where the inventory can be merged with existing stock.
A replenishment method to a certain level of inventory; for example, when warehouse staff put away after a receipt from the supplier.