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R
A term used to describe compiled code, derived from the .r file extension.
Small terminals that can be hand-carried or mounted on a fork-lift, which communicate with the host warehousing system by radio waves. RDTs show the outstanding transactions for a work location group as soon as they are created. Employees can select the next transaction, or be informed of the next transaction in the task queue based on their location and the priorities of the transactions. Also known as Radio Frequency Terminals.
The portable data collection devices that use radio frequency to transmit data to a host warehousing system.
A technology for the automatic and untouched identification of physical objects with computer chips (RFID tags). Two types of RFID tags can be distinguished: passive RFID tags (without an energy supply) and active RFID tags (with a battery).
The difference between the maximum and the minimum.
A numerical field that functions as one part of the ratio that defines an exchange relationship between two currencies. An exchange rate can be presented in the following way: rate amount 1 units of currency 1 equal to rate amount 2 units of currency 2.
The difference between the actual output rate of product and the planned or standard rate.
A customer’s agreement to pay a supplier for materials the supplier purchases for a scheduled item within a specified time period.
The number of days a customer commits to paying a supplier for raw materials purchased for a scheduled item.
The maximum quantity of a product for which a supplier is authorized to acquire raw materials in anticipation of a customer’s scheduled demand.
The amount that the base currency value of an asset or liability, denominated in a foreign currency, has increased or decreased due to a fluctuation of exchange rates over time. Realized gains or losses occur at the time of settlement or when the risk of exchange rate fluctuation is eliminated.
A code used to categorize activities based on their cause. Reason codes are associated with a type. Predefined types—including Quote, Down, Downtime, Reject, Rework, Scrap, and Ord_Chg—are used by functions in modules such as Sales Quotes, Repetitive, Advanced Repetitive, Shop Floor Control, and Sales Orders/Invoices. Other types can be created as needed. In the Product Change Control module, reason codes are user-defined and specify severity levels related to the approval process.
The reason that the customer did not place an order against the quote.
Trade discounts based on long-term product purchasing.
Recall. The process of identifying where lots/serialized items of out-of-specification products were shipped and contacting the receiving party to retrieve/exchange the product.
(1) Physical acceptance of an item into a stocking location. (2) A transaction recording this activity.
A functionality that lets you select orders and due dates and ultimately prepare a warehouse location for a receipt. See also Location Forecast.
A financial claim against another business or individual.
(1) A record that goods have been received into inventory. Updates inventory balances, and allows Accounts Payable to verify quantities and prices against the purchase order before paying. (2) A QAD Enterprise Applications instance that processes inbound QDoc requests.
Physical receipt of material. Includes checking a purchase order against a receipt document, delivery to the proper destination, and completion of receiving reports.
Any distinctive combination of letters, numbers, or symbols from which a complete history of the manufacture, processing, packing, holding, and distribution of a batch or lot of drug product or other material can be determined. Defined, maintained, and recorded by the receiving site.
Expression of ingredient usage as a quantity per batch or percent of batch. Can also include processing instructions and ingredient sequencing directions.
A separate exchange rate calculated as the inverse of an existing exchange rate relationship. For example, if the exchange rate of the Euro (EUR) to the Mexican Peso (PES) is defined as EUR 2.23456 : PES 1, the reciprocal exchange rate (PES to EUR) is calculated as: 1 divided by 2.23456, or PES .447515 : EUR 1.
Related data items treated as a unit. Usually accessed by a unique code.
A tax paid on purchases that is offset against tax collected on sales. Common in VAT countries.
A quote that records a recurring sale, such as monthly fees for maintenance charges. An entire year can be quoted, but a sales order and invoice are generated on a monthly basis.
A product that can be reintroduced into the process that created it or into higher- or lower-level processes within any product structure/formula hierarchy. Technically, by-products should be defined as components with negative quantities or percentages, not as part of a co-product/byproduct relationship.
(1) In Supply Chain: See Lot Reference and Installed Base Reference Number. (2) A number that identifies pallets in QAD Warehousing. Also, when batch picking for distribution orders or work orders, a container level that uses the reference field of the inventory record as the placeholder for a container number or a kit number.
An attribute of an Intrastat history record stating when the record is to be reported. The main criterion in selecting history records for inclusion in an Intrastat declaration.
To clean and replace worn parts in an assembly.
An MRP process that re-explodes MRP planned items down through all bills of material, creating a new material plan. Maintains all valid priorities and synchronizes all plans.
The second structure in the TrM business structures hierarchy, after divisions and followed by areas and zones. Regions often reflect a company’s geographical or logical sales structures. Regions in a division can overlap; for example, a national region overlapping north and south regions. A region must be specified on all budgets, promotions, and rebates. For TrM to budget a promotion, there must be a promotion budget with the same region-area combination as the promotion. A region is typically specified for each staff member and customer. Security can be based on staff region and area assignments.
To make a permanent record indicating that a given NRM sequence number, within the set defined by a sequence, has been used. Once registered, a sequence number cannot be used again.
In QAD CSS, the process of having the shopper enroll to make purchases through the electronic storefront. During registration, the shopper selects a user name and password and enters address information that is used to create a customer master record in QAD ERP.
Statistical method to determine the best relationship between a response and independent variables.
A tax that includes the tax amount as part of a transaction taxable base.
An item not meeting quality requirements and, therefore, not able to be moved to the next operation. Can be treated as scrap, a rework item, or if purchased, a return.
The Progress software that manages and provides access to the QAD Enterprise Applications databases.
A schedule based on a scheduled order.
Release authorization number is used by international customers at a line-item level to order, reconcile receipt of product in the facility, and invoice.
The number of releases for a quote.
The date an order is scheduled to be released to the shop floor. Orders not released by this date are flagged on the MRP reports. The system calculates either release or due date, in effect creating forward or backward order scheduling.
An active work order.
A sequential number identifying a released schedule.
A set of protocols that enables Java objects to communicate remotely with other Java objects.
A protocol that one program can use to request a service from a program located in another computer in a network without having to understand network details.
A level of inventory that signals the need to reorder. Typically calculated by adding safety stock quantity to expected usage during lead time.
Individual parts or assemblies required for maintenance or repair of equipment. Can be repairable or non-repairable assemblies or one-piece items. Does not include consumable supplies such as solvents or lubricants.
The production of discrete units, planned and executed to a schedule, usually at relatively high speeds and volumes. Material tends to move in a continuous flow during production, but different items can be produced sequentially within the flow.
Building the same product over and over again. Repetitive manufacturing, in contrast to Build-To-Order, does not involve building customer-specific products. However, it can be implemented with Lean Manufacturing strategies as well as push-based manufacturing.
 
A response to a manually entered demand or an MRP-generated demand for materials. Indicates how much production of a certain item is planned for each day at a particular production line and site. Used to control and monitor the progress and cost of manufacturing.
A repeat of a picking task because the picking task failed.
Amount to replace a fixed asset. Used for management purposes, primarily in estimating budget or insurance requirements. Not used for calculating depreciation.
Movement of stock from a reserve area to the area where picking takes place.
A kanban card authorizing the production of component materials.
The quantity of stock below which an automatic replenishment is triggered.
Total time between recognizing that a product should be reordered and having the product supply available for use. Represents the maximum turnaround time between supplying and consuming sites.
The currency which financial data is translated into, for producing financial reports.
A tax zone for which separate tax reports are required.
In GL Report Writer, the report title, format, row groups, and column groups used in a report.
A database that stores persistent data. The place where component specifications reside.
An electronic business document as represented in the EDI eCommerce data tables in one of many well-defined states of transformations between trading partner and QAD EA document requirements.
To update the sales order to the latest corresponding price list price. The ability to reprice is controlled by the user. Reprice sales orders so that quantities are added, across orders, to calculate quantity breaks.
A schedule containing customer requirements as derived from a customer’s planning and ship schedule transmissions.
Information received in a schedule that is specific to a requirement. Examples include authorization numbers, packaging information, and administrative contacts.
A statement indicating need for a specific quantity of an item at a specific time and place.
The holding area of the warehouse that has larger quantities of the items, usually in pallets, that replenish the picking area. Also called the pallet area, bulk area, or full pallet area.
A location with inventory that is dedicated to a specific customer or customers to ensure an adequate supply for sales orders.
Anything required for production of a product. Considered critical if difficult to obtain, or has a long lead time or other significant constraint.
A statement of the amount of a resource required to produce one unit. Two types of resource bills are product line resource bill and item resource bill. Resources can be defined for both end items and families.
Demand placed on a resource by a production plan. Calculated by multiplying product forecast from a production line plan by resource requirements.
The calculation of resource load. Uses demand from production plan and master schedule. Can then be compared to capacity of each resource.
The average delay between initiation of a call and its resolution.
In TrM, the TrM staff member who is designated as the secondary manager, after the owner, of a transaction such as a promotion, rebate, or claim. Users who are designated as responsible are likely to be those who create the transactions, in contrast to owners who generally authorize them. Responsibility is not available as a budgeting parameter; its main purpose is to enable rapid identification of promotions requiring approval and thus speed the approvals process. If a promotion is moved to Status 5 and fails to pass the approvals check, it is set to Status 4 and the responsibility is changed to the responsible user’s promotion approvals manager.
Variable whose value is the result of other variable values.
A promotion deal category. The discount is claimed from the manufacturer after the event, similar to the deferred claim or billback category. If there are both wholesale and retail components on the promotion, or if it consists of only retail components, this category is used for the retail component, and the discount is based on the retail quantity sold.
A purchase tax remitted directly to the government instead of to a supplier.
Date of permanent removal of a depreciable asset from income producing activities. Disposition can be made by sale, exchange, abandonment, or destruction of the property. Often referred to as Disposition Date.
The process of determining a net amount due by applying a price change to a range of historical invoices.
(1) An item sent back to its supplier. (2) A transaction recording this activity.
A transaction used to manage simple returns. The customer is given an authorization number to reference when returning the material and the authorization number is used to track the return through its phases:
Receipt of returned items for repair or replacement
Issue of replacement items
Documentation and billing of return activity
RMA is typically used when engineer involvement is not required.
A status code specifying the condition of items being returned during customer service activities. Determines which default sites are recommended by the system for the return.
In a customer service environment, a method for documenting and managing items returned to a supplier for repair or replacement. Enables you to link a return from your customer to a return to your supplier.
Material rejected by a buyer’s inspection department and awaiting replacement, repair, or credit.
The restatement of an amount denominated in one currency, into another currency, using the current exchange rate for the functional currency. Other base currencies can use a non-current exchange rate for revaluation if necessary. The restatement determines the gain or loss that results from an exchange rate fluctuation.
A product line used to provide GL account codes for Call Invoice Recording.
The processing of returned merchandise from the customer’s customer. This process includes matching RGAs (returned goods authorization identifications), sorting salvageable, repairable, and non-salvageable inventories.
(1) The reversal of an original transaction that has not had any subsequent activity. For example, the return of a purchased item to the vendor is a reversing transaction, as long as the item was not paid for, or had an unrealized gain or loss recognized, during sub-ledger revaluation. (2) To support accrual accounting when revenue is recognized after it is earned, rather than when it is received. This type of transaction is also used when expenses are recognized after the benefits associated with them have been received, rather than when payment is due.
An engineering change level for an item. Typically used in place of a number change to control modifications that do not change the form, fit, or function of an item.
An item requiring additional processing.
An order to rework a defective part or item.
(1) A job requiring competency in a specific set of skills. In QAD Enterprise Edition, system privileges can be assigned based on roles. (2) In PIM, a list of privileges associated with one or more users.
A 12-month forecast beginning with the current month. Not aligned with the calendar or fiscal year.
The square root of the Mean Square Error. It is calculated by taking the square root of the arithmetic mean of squared deviations from the mean. It is also called standard deviation, when the deviations do not represent errors.
Estimated load on key pieces of equipment or resources.
A record specifying how currency amounts are rounded on printed documents and reports. Determines rounding level (for example, to the nearest dollar) and threshold.
The point at which amounts are rounded up or down. If it is 0.5, amounts from 0.00 to 0.49 are rounded to 0.00, and amounts from 0.5 to 0.99 are rounded to 1.00.
A number that determines rounding level. The rounding unit must be a positive number that is a power of 10 multiplied by 1 or 5, such as 10, 500, 0.01, and 0.005.
A set of operations required to manufacture a product. Shows work centers, machines used, sequence of operations, and tools and standard hours required. Setup and run time can also be entered. In some companies, includes information on tooling, operator skill levels, inspection operations, testing requirements, and so on.
A code identifying a set of routing or process operations required to manufacture a product. Usually the item number, but can be different for alternate routings or for similar routings or processes at different sites.
Use of a routing to calculate manufacturing lead time, labor, burden, and subcontract costs for a product.
A slip attached to a document in an approval cycle showing who is to receive the document, and who has already approved it.
A set of user-defined rows. Identifies the structure of a report, line item by line item.
A required attribute of a row in a group. Values are:
Data. Holds a query specification used to extract data from GL database tables.
Calculation. The result of an algebraic formula utilizing values from other rows.
Text. Displays text information only.
An Internet encryption and authentication system that uses an algorithm developed in 1977 by Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir, and Leonard Adleman.
Coefficient of determination that determines the amount of variance in Y that can be explained by variable X. Variance is how dispersed the data is, calculated by how far away the data points are from the average data point. Where Y is the dependent variable and X is the independent variable, R-Squared determines the level of influence X has on Y’s variance.
A programming expression, such as IF/THEN, linking a condition and an action.
A code used to schedule items on production lines when approving MRP planned orders for line manufacture.
The time it takes to process one unit of the product of a given operation.